Looking Deeper into “Taming of the Shrew”

To fully understand the play “Taming of the Shrew” you must understand the characters. Each character has a different personality. Kate, for example, is bad tempered and does not like it when Petruccio tries to tame her. On the other hand, Tranio is good tempered and respects his master’s wishes.

By now most who have not seen the play will be asking who is Tranio? Tranio is a key character in “Taming of the Shrew”, and contributes to one of the main themes, ‘deception’.

He is seen throughout the play with his master Lucentio.
Tranio comes to Padua with his master Lucentio, while in Padua he helps Lucentio with the courtship of Bianca, Baptista’s daughter.
Tranio is a upbeat character compared to others in the play. He is playful and a trouble maker. During the play Tranio wears nice clothes, but some that are dirty and ripped.

We have talked a lot about how Tranio is a key character in the theme ‘deception’; but what does he do that makes him so important?

While his master disguises himself as a scholar, Tranio takes his master’s place. He then proceeds to convince Baptista that Lucentio is more rich than the others who would like to marry Bianca. Baptista who wants the most dowry from the marriage of his daughters, because thats how marriages were decided in the 16th century, whether it was right or not.

At the beginning of the play Tranio says this to his master,

Lucentio:
Tranio, since for the great desire I had
To see fair Padua, nursery of arts,
I am arrived for fruitful Lombardy,
The pleasant garden of great Italy;
And by my father’s love and leave am arm’d
With his good will and thy good company,
My trusty servant, well approved in all,
Here let us breathe and haply institute
A course of learning and ingenious studies.
Pisa renown’d for grave citizens
Gave me my being and my father first,
A merchant of great traffic through the world,
Vincetino come of Bentivolii.
Vincetino’s son brought up in Florence
It shall become to serve all hopes conceived,
To deck his fortune with his virtuous deeds
And therefore, Tranio, for the time I study,
Virtue and that part of philosophy
Will I apply that treats of happiness
By virtue specially to be achieved.
Tell me thy mind; for I have Pisa left
And am to Padua come, as he that leaves
A shallow plash to plunge him in the deep
And with satiety seeks to quench his thirst

Tranio:
Mi perdonato, gentle master mine,
I am in all affected as yourself;
Glad that you thus continue your resolve
To suck the sweets of sweet philosophy.
Only, good master, while we do admire
This virtue and this moral discipline,
Let’s be no stoics nor no stocks, I pray;
Or so devote to Aristotle’s cheques
As Ovid be an outcast quite abjured:
Balk logic with acquaintance that you have
And practise rhetoric in your common talk;
Music and poesy use to quicken you;
The mathematics and the metaphysis,
Fall to them as you find your stomach serves you;
No profit grows where is no pleasure ta’en:
In brief, sir, study what you most affect.

Lucentio:
Gramercies, Tranio, well dost thou advise.
If, Biondello, thou wert come ashore,
We could at once put us in readiness,
And take a lodging fit to entertain
Such friends as time in Padua shall beget.
But stay a while: what company is this?

Tranio:
Master, some show to welcome us to town.
(Act 1, Scene 1, Lines 1-47)

What all that text means is that Tranio and his master Lucentio have come to Padua and that Tranio advises Lucentio to not forget the joys of courtship and love, which is what Lucentio does exactly.

How does Tranio contribute the theme of ‘deception’? He disguises himself as Lucentio and then others try to follow Lucentio and Tranio’s lead and disguise themselves as school teachers. This adds a whole other dimension to the play, with everyone changing what they look like, and what they do, its hard to tell who is who.

Characterization adds a whole other dimension to a play. It makes characters feel more rounded with the traits that the author gives them. When a character is well-rounded you feel that they are not boring, but interesting and have a role in a play.

Tranio is a well-rounded character and adds value to “Taming of the Shrew”, by the ways of disguising himself. ‘Taming of the Shrew’ would have been very boring without Tranio as he supports the main theme of ‘deception’ and makes the play a lot more interesting.

[784 words]

Kate’s Traits

For this project, I chose Katharina (Kate). The play is William Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Shrew”. It is set partly in Padua and partly in Verona. Kate is the extraordinary main character of the play. Over the course of the play, she changes as a person. At first, she is rude and stubborn. Once she is tame and humane, she gives back to her husband and others who contributed to her new personality.

Kate is a very rude woman. One example of this is at Baptista’s house in Act 1, Scene 1 (lines 57-58). She is yelling at her father saying this: “I pray you, sir, is it your will to make a stale of me amongst these mates?” Also, when Petruchio is at her father’s house, she is very rude, saying things like: “Moved! in good time: let him that moved you hither remove you hence: I knew you at the first you were a moveable.” This quote is from Act 2, Scene 1 (lines 190-191). This trait describes what she says. Along with being rude, she is also incredibly stubborn and will resist all orders from her superiors.

Stubbornness and rudeness are a fitting combination for a shrewish person such as Kate. In Act 2, Scene 1, Petruchio chased Kate around her house in an effort to restrain and court her. One quote from that scene is “Go, fool, and whom thou keep’st command” (line 35), making her resistance against Petruchio obvious. Also, at her wedding, she showed much resistance when she almost managed to prevent her marriage. This trait demonstrates what she is like. The last trait of hers is one that does not show right away, but after her long suffering and change that took place at Petruchio’s house in Verona.

After taming, Kate gives back to the others who helped shape her into a respectable person. In Act 5, Scene 2, she makes a long and meaningful speech at Lucentio’s house that displays her newfound wisdom and desire to contribute to the lives of her loved ones. It starts with “fie! fie!” and ends with “may it do him ease”. Also shown in Act 4, Scene 5, Petruchio tests Kate’s obedience to him when he says the sun is the moon. He found that Kate was obedient after a small amount of arguing. He knew then that he could prepare for her final test of obedience. This trait describes what she does. All of Kate’s traits eventually meld into her new personality and the outcome of the play.

The play ends merrily, mostly due to Kate and Petruchio. Kate learned the hard way to treat people with respect and to have understanding of others. Her story starts with an ordinary day of her yelling and cursing at her family. Then, Petruchio turns her life upside-down. Her journey through hunger, begging, poverty and many other things leads to her profound speech and festivity at the end of the play. As confusing as the web of connections was at first, I think the play was good. It showcased Shakespeare’s understanding of the world and people’s lives. I didn’t learn too much other than that, but I think it was entertaining nonetheless. Kate’s traits greatly affect the story the play tells and its outcome as we watch her grow out of and/or into them. Kate is the star of the play and her traits are the answer to why she has that honour.

[882 words]

EVOLUTION of Kate

Kate is the shrew in The Taming of the Shrew.

Kate is the older daughter and she has to get married before her younger sister Bianca can. Kate doesn’t want to get married and is extremely spoilt and explosive.

Katherina:
If that be jest, then all the rest was so.
Strikes her (Bianca)                                                              (Act II, Scene I, lines 21-22)

When she met Petruccio, who made a deal with her father that he’d marry her, she was trying to escape him, screaming and throwing things at him. He still marries her, against her will, and “tames” her.

Katherina:
What, will you not suffer me? Nay, now I see
She is your treasure, she must have a husband;
I must dance bare-foot on her wedding day
And for your love to her lead apes in hell.
Talk not to me: I will go sit and weep
Till I can find occasion of revenge.
Exit                                                                                    (Act III, Scene II, lines 31 – 36)

He makes her go through mud to get to his house, starves her, orders her around, and contradicts everything she says until always agrees with him.

Katherina:
Nay, then,
Do what thou canst, I will not go to-day;
No, nor to-morrow, not till I please myself.
The door is open, sir; there lies your way;
You may be jogging whiles your boots are green;
For me, I’ll not be gone till I please myself:
‘Tis like you’ll prove a jolly surly groom,
That take it on you at the first so roundly.

Petruchio:
O Kate, content thee; prithee, be not angry                      (Act IV, Scene II, lines 207-215)

By the time she comes back to her house, she is calm. He taught her that she is no more than a possession to her husband and to always obey him. Petruccio has made Kate into what was considered an “ideal wife”.

Katherina:
Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper,
Thy head, thy sovereign; one that cares for thee,
And for thy maintenance commits his body
To painful labour both by sea and land,
To watch the night in storms, the day in cold,
Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe;
And craves no other tribute at thy hands
But love, fair looks, and true obedience-
Too little payment for so great a debt.                         (Act V, Scene II, lines 145- 163)

At the beginning of the play, Kate was short tempered, selfish, and violent. By the end, she is mild and loyal.

[416 words]

Katherina, a story of conflicting personalities

Kate is one of the main characters in Taming of the Shrew.

She starts out being selfish, and angry; but in the end, she becomes a kinder person. When Petruchio takes Kate to his house, she is forced to work hard, and do exactly what he says. On the way back to Baptista’s house, she had to agree with everything Petruchio said. It seemed very difficult , but in the end, she came back much kinder than before.

Kate is the eldest daugher of Baptista. She has a younger sister called Bianca. She and her family live in Padua, Italy. Kate’s father, Baptista, always favours Bianca, and also everyone loves her, and wants to marry her. Kate seems jealous of her sister, so she is making it difficult for her to get married.

Kate has to be the first to get married. She has to be the first because she is the eldest, and the eldest daughter always has to be the first to get married.

Baptista:
Gentlemen, importune me no farther,
For how I firmly am resolved you know;
That is, not bestow my youngest daughter
Before I have a husband for the elder:                                                       (Act 1, Scene 1)

She was probably happier before Petruchio married her because she was free to do what she wanted. I think that Kate hated the thought of getting married because then her sister would get married, and her father would forget about her, and her sister would have a far happier life.

‘Selfish’ and ‘Angry’ are two of Kate’s characteristics:

Katherina:
Nay, then,
Do what thou canst, I will not
go to-day;
No, nor to-morrow, not till I
please myself.                                                                                             (Act 2, Scene 2)

When Kate finds out that she is going to get married, she is furious. she tries as best as she can to avoid the marriage, but in the end she gets married. She is probably angry because she is jealous of her sister, but won’t admit it. She obviously doesn’t want to get married because she doesn’t want her sister to get her way and get married. I also think that she doesn’t want to get married because she thinks no one would want to marry her.

Her personality at the beginning of the play is obnoxious. In the beginning she is rude and intolerable, because she knows that no one would marry her. She treats everybody poorly as she is always angry. Personally, I think it was because she was neglected – Bianca was clearly the favourite daughter.

In the play we can see that Kate’s personality changes completely. In the beginning, she is shown to be a very difficult person to get along with because she is always angry. Nobody seems to like her and, in the beginning, we think that she is just a very rude person on the outside. We learn later that on the inside, she is actually a friendly and loyal wife. Maybe she might have had a better life if she had known her true personality.
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Taming of the Shrew (Act IV, Sc. III)

kateThis scene takes place in Petruchio’s country house.  Katharina has been begging for food from Grumio, stating that she has never had to beg before.  Petruchio and Hortensio eat the food in front of Katharina.  Petruchio also sends the tailor and haberdasher away, giving them a tongue-lashing about his wife’s appearance, despite Katherine loving the outfits.  This scene, the climax of the main plot,  demonstrates the final steps in Petruchio’s successful taming of his wife, albeit it cruel and unthinkable by today’s standards!  This scene inspired Hannah’s beautiful drawing of Katharina.  Hannah is a grade 9 student.

Petruchio:
What is the jay more precious than the lark,
Because his fathers are more beautiful?
Or is the adder better than the eel,
Because his painted skin contents the eye?
O, no, good Kate; neither art thou the worse
For this poor furniture and mean array.
if thou account’st it shame. lay it on me;
And therefore frolic: we will hence forthwith,
To feast and sport us at thy father’s house.
Go, call my men, and let us straight to him;
And bring our horses unto Long-lane end;
There will we mount, and thither walk on foot
Let’s see; I think ’tis now some seven o’clock,
And well we may come there by dinner-time.
(lines 176-189)

Taming of the Shrew (Act IV, Sc. V)

Pertruchio, Katharina, Hortensio and their servants are on the way back to Padua and restng along the way.  Pertruchio orders the company to continue with their journey. Katharina contradicts Pertruchio, and he responds with the opposite, saying whatever he says is fact.  As suggested by Hortensio, Kate submits to Petruchio’s will; a further step into taming his wife.

Alyssa’s passion for animation comes to the fore in this clip, her Shakespeare presentation; something very different and colourful!  Alyssa is in grade 6.

Enter PETRUCHIO, KATHARINA, HORTENSIO, and Servants

Petruchio
Come on, i’ God’s name; once more toward our father’s.
Good Lord, how bright and goodly shines the moon!

Kathatrina
The moon! the sun: it is not moonlight now.

Petruchio
I say it is the moon that shines so bright.

Kathatrina
I know it is the sun that shines so bright.

Petruchio
Now, by my mother’s son, and that’s myself,
It shall be moon, or star, or what I list,
Or ere I journey to your father’s house.
Go on, and fetch our horses back again.
Evermore cross’d and cross’d; nothing but cross’d!

Hortnesio
Say as he says, or we shall never go.
(lines 1-11)

Taming of the Shrew (Act V, Sc. II)

In this well-known soliloquy, the now-tame Kate addresses the women at the wedding banquet:  “Wipe those frowns off your faces and stop rolling your eyes”, which are considered to be “disrespectful” towards their husbands.  This concludes the main plot of the play as Kate is now able to take her rightful place as Petruchio’s wife.  The theme of ‘submission’ is certainly out of place in a modern context … was it ever appropriate? Shakespeare seems to be challenging this belief and typical 16th-century attitudes about matrimony are subtly mocked in the play.  Yet, the theme of “respect” was an important lesson that Kate had to learn, and this scene is therefore a fitting end to the play.

Khylam (grade 9) had the following to say: “I am doing these lines because I think that they show very profound wisdom and Shakespeare’s deep understanding of things such as love, or loyalty … Very well said Khylam!

Kathatrina

Fie, fie! unknit that threatening unkind brow,
And dart not scornful glances from those eyes
To wound thy lord, thy king, thy governor.
It blots thy beauty as frosts do bite the meads,
Confounds thy fame as whirlwinds shake fair buds,
And in no sense is meet or amiable.
A woman mov’d is like a fountain troubled-
Muddy, ill-seeming, thick, bereft of beauty;
And while it is so, none so dry or thirsty
Will deign to sip or touch one drop of it.
Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper,
Thy head, thy sovereign; one that cares for thee,
And for thy maintenance commits his body
To painful labour both by sea and land,
To watch the night in storms, the day in cold,
Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe;
And craves no other tribute at thy hands
But love, fair looks, and true obedience-
Too little payment for so great a debt.
(lines 143-161)

Responsibility for the events in Macbeth

Introduction:
Macbeth is an infamous play written by William Shakespeare revolving around a person named “Macbeth” who is turned into a murdering dictator. But much attention has been brought on whether Macbeth was influenced by his wife to the point of committing and participating in critical events throughout the play. Macbeth’s curse is caused by three witches and many people say that in reality there are four including his wife, Lady Macbeth. Throughout the play Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have multiple conversations either agreeing or to the majority disagreeing with each other. During the play it gets very interesting to perceive on whether Macbeth is making his decisions on his own or whether he is being pressured and bullied into doing things he does not want to do by his own wife [example: He feels he will not want to kill a certain important someone in the play but after hearing how weak of a person he is and how he is not a real man from his wife he soon changes the tide towards Lady Macbeth’s favour.]. Throughout my written essay I will be discussing important scenes in which Macbeth and Lady Macbeth make dramatic decisions and I will help you understand why Lady Macbeth is the detonation code to Macbeth’s time ticking bomb.

Body:
It all starts when Macbeth had just received a prestigious award and is followed on by a promotion to the thane of Cawdor. He returns to his beloved wife in which she brings up the topic related to murdering the king while he stays over for the night. This is the conversation that proceeds.

Macbeth: “We will proceed no further in this business: He hath honour me of late; and I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, Not cast aside so soon.”
Lady Macbeth: “Was the hope drunk Wherein you dress’d yourself? hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale At what it did so freely? From this time Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard To be the same in thine own act and valor As thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that Which thou esteem’st the ornament of life, And live a coward in thine own esteem; Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would,” Like the poor cat i’ the adage? From viewing this conversation I was able to analyze it and shorten the wording for easier understanding.
Macbeth: “We are definitely not going to kill Duncan. I already have a great reputation and the last thing we need is for it to be lost so soon”.
Lady Macbeth: “Did you wake up strange this morning? Are you still the strong, proud, fearless man I used to know? Are you seriously going to give up the “A” class life simply because of your mindset of “I will never” overpowering your “I would”? Have you become useless?”

From viewing and analyzing this early conversation between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth I notice that Macbeth’s sanity surfaces and tells him not to kill Duncan. Then Lady Macbeth intervenes and explains that there is no point of thinking twice about it and how it is a opportunity.
She ends up manipulating Macbeth to the point in which he feels very guilty and pressured by his own wife. Macbeth eventually proceeds towards killing King Duncan and chaos is soon to be brought into the picture.

Following upon the murder of Duncan, the situation between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth escalates towards another tense, strange situation. When Macbeth returns blood covered, he is in the state of shock and cannot believe what he was done.[Note: during the play blood is shown as a theme of all the lives wasted. It is used many times to show how often people are being murdered. The ratio works easily: Lots of blood equals Lots of wasted lives] Macbeth follows on with speaking towards lady Macbeth in fear and guilt.

Macbeth: “I’ll go no more: I am afraid to think what i have done; Look on’t again i dare no”.
Lady Macbeth: “Inform of purpose! Give me the daggers: the sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures: ’tis the eye of childhood That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed, I’ll gild the faces of the faces of the grooms withal, For it must seem their guilt”.

In this situation you can clearly see that Macbeth is feeling guilty and shameful for murdering Duncan. He explains to Lady Macbeth that he will stop what he has done and right in the moment Lady Macbeth once again pounces to ensure that Macbeth does not deviate from his path of planned murder. Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that she will go “finish the job” with the daggers in order to cover up the situation for which it blames the murder on the servants. Lady Macbeth makes a comment during this scene stating “the sleeping and the dead Are but as pictures” this is a very interesting comment because it reveals Lady Macbeth’s sociopathic tendencies which leads to another reason to how Lady Macbeth can easily be accountable for many of the deaths throughout the play.

After most of the main events, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have a one of many little calm and relaxed conversations. They act and give the impression that they earned their social class while trying to deceive each other that everything is fine.
Macbeth: “Ourself will mingle with society, And play the humble host. Our hostess keeps her state; but, in best time, We will require her welcome.”
Lady Macbeth: “Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends; For my heart speaks they are welcome.”

In this small conversation Macbeth and Lady Macbeth speak as if everything is fine and nothing ever happened. They explain to each other that they must befriend the politicians, people, society in general in order to permanently cover up their terrible secrets. When comparing this scene with the first scene (The murder of Duncan) Macbeth has been influenced by Lady Macbeth that he sounds completely like a new person. Going from Macbeth (After murdering king Duncan) “I’ll go no more: I am afraid to think what I have done” to Lady Macbeth (After all the events and constant influence from Lady Macbeth) “Ourself will mingle with society and play the humble host”, Macbeth seems to have completely forgotten what has happened and is trying to deal with accepting the situation and figuring out a way to live with the belief that everything is “okay”. Lady Macbeth had eventually succeeded in poisoning the mind of Macbeth. Changing the mindset of an individual to change for the worst was known as witchcraft, which once again leads to the discussion of lady Macbeth being the “fourth witch”.

Conclusion:
Lady Macbeth was the real culprit for influencing Macbeth to do terrible deeds throughout the play. One could consider that Macbeth had a choice before committing the terrible crimes and, for that reason, he is the only one completely responsible for his actions. From early on in the play, it becomes clear that Macbeth is not completely convinced of his planned actions, although he is ambitious and wants to be king. Instead of convincing her husband about what is right, she spurs him on to evil actions. During the first conversation between this couple, Lady Macbeth gets Macbeth into the mindset that killing the king would lead to power and success. When Macbeth starts to doubt the decision, she manipulates him and influences him into eventually proceeding into murdering King Duncan. After Macbeth murdered Duncan, he is very afraid for his fate and expresses to Lady Macbeth that he cannot believe what he had done. In the heat of the moment, lady Macbeth practically tells him to grow up and explains that if he does not finish the job, then she will do it herself. In my opinion, from viewing the dialogue between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, I believe that during every moment of hesitation in which Macbeth had, whether it was doing simple task or deciding to kill Duncan, Lady Macbeth was always there to give him that extra push; that extra jump of confidence to the point of making Macbeth himself believe that what he is doing is “okay” and there will be no major consequences.

Towards the end of the play, Lady Macbeth ends up committing suicide due to her insanity; not being able to withstand the memories of the moments in which blood had been spilled. One might make the argument that Macbeth influenced Lady Macbeth to commit suicide through decisions that lead to innocent lives being taken.  In my opinion, however, it is never how much the fire burned or how large it became, its all about how the fire was started.

Bibliography:
<>http://www.worldwatch.org/node/1060> (visited November 27, 2012)

Rooms

Rooms are wonderful places; with each having its own story. I have had many experiences in all sorts of rooms. Whether they were big and spacious, or small, cluttered, and as tight as a vacuum-sealed plastic bag.

Of all the rooms I have stepped into, one is most memorable to me; inside my grandmothers’ house. The walls were a mix of green with a touch of turquoise and located in  Shiraz, Iran. As children, my cousins and I would always take out the big, brown couch cushions and jump onto them. There were many delicate objects that were very meaningful to my grandmother in the room. A specific example of a delicate object was an old picture of my grandfather (who had died nearly 20 years ago). Thus, we had to always be very careful when flipping onto the cushions. Although, I will never be able to visit my grandmothers’ old house again because she sadly passed away.

In conclusion, rooms can mean a lot more than just being ‘rooms’. Rooms bring up memories which will always be vivid in the back of one’s mind.

The way people spend their lives……

The way people spend their lives has always been a large subject throughout the history of mankind. People throughout society always tell each other the famous line “live your life to the fullest” but in reality how does one define “living life to the the fullest”.

Do people enjoy their lives? Do people spend their lives correctly? How do you define “spending your life correctly”? What is that even suppose to mean? I will be going in to depth on behalf of these ultimate questions of curiosity brought up throughout life.

People throughout society give the impression that if you don’t live your life than what is the point of living. Many individuals have different ways of describing “spending their lives”. Some people say living life to the fullest is getting large amounts of wealth and partying, going on vacations etc, while others believe doing what they love in a career or hobby is living life to the fullest. In my own mindset on behalf of this subject I have my own personal ways of “living life to the fullest”.

In conclusion when hearing the words of “living life to the fullest” theirs no real “one” option for deciding, it can easily be based on what you as a individual believe living life to the fullest is. 

snail

I woke up to a different view than normal. I was underground surrounded by torches and in the corner of the room there was a snail. It stared at me laughing a mocking laugh. I made my way to the surface and my car was waiting for me on the grass so I drove home and went to my room. The snail was on the floor laughing at me again like it knew something that I didn’t. I took my sword out of the closet and it stopped laughing, its eyes going dark. I fell to the floor and my arms started bending behind my back. The power went out and my windows shattered. The snail said in a deep voice “I am here to help you.” I screamed “WHO ARE YOU!!!” And it said “I am insanity. Look into my eyes.” Then I woke up in my living room covered in blood and next to my dead family. The snail appeared next to me and we were both laughing. We were laughing because of what I did. A few hours earlier I walked up to my mom holding my sword. She was clearly afraid and asked “what are you doing with that?” I stabbed her in the throat and she fell to the floor choking. I threw my dad down the stairs with inhuman strength and he hit the floor broken in impossible angles. The snail helped my mind be perfect.